Today, we are going to be talking about prediabetes and, most importantly, how to stop prediabetes from developing into diabetes.
Almost anyone would say they know or have an idea of what diabetes is, but a lot less is known about prediabetes. So the question is, what is prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar is high but not so high as to be diagnosed as diabetes. So, to receive a prediabetes diagnosis, the patient has to have a higher blood sugar than is normal but not as high as that of a diabetic patient.
When one has an understanding of prediabetes, it could help with the early detection of diabetes. This could lead to early prevention, which would potentially reduce the number of individuals who go on to get diabetes.
Studies show that if left untreated, about 37% of people with prediabetes may develop diabetes after 4 years. An estimated 35% of adults live with prediabetes, and an awareness of prediabetes may help doctors and people in decreasing the number of patients that develop diabetes, and also with prediabetes prevention.
Now, let us talk about what causes prediabetes.
The pancreas, which is an organ found in the body, makes a hormone called insulin that helps the body convert glucose into energy. Basically, food with carbohydrates enters the body as glucose, which is also known as blood sugar. This blood sugar stays in the bloodstream while the pancreas releases insulin that allows the glucose to enter the body’s cells where it is used as fuel for the body.
When the insulin is not as effective as it should be, the glucose gets stuck in the bloodstream then accumulates, which causes blood sugar to rise. Prediabetes acts as an indicator showing that insulin is beginning to be less effective. It shows that the body is becoming resistant to insulin, which makes the blood sugar rise, developing into prediabetes which if not controlled or stopped would develop into type 2 diabetes.
Having said all this, one might ask: “how do I know I have prediabetes?”
Prediabetes is said to have no obvious symptoms apart from darkened necks, groin and armpits. Recently, studies have shown that prediabetes is majorly connected to genetics and lifestyle. So, fortunately, one may prevent prediabetes through lifestyle modification.
Majorly, prediabetes risk factors are overweight and physical inactivity. Ethnicity, age, family factors, smoking and so on are also factors that could act as risks too.
So, the important question is how to stop prediabetes from developing into diabetes.
Like we said earlier, prediabetes is reversible or can be prevented by making a conscious effort of changing lifestyle and maintaining healthy body weight. That can be done through the following steps:
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