In this video, Diana Bytyqi, DNP, FNP-C, discusses everything you need to know about diabetes.
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar levels are too high. As you may know, glucose is your m Ian source of energy that comes from the foods that we eat.
There is a hormone that our pancreas produces that acts like a key that allows glucose to enter our cell and then use that glucose for “energy”.
With Type 1 Diabetes, your body does not make insulin. Therefore, those people will require insulin in the form of injections every day to help maintain their blood sugar levels in an ideal range. Of course, now, we have an insulin pump, insulin pens, etc that make the administration better than in the past when everyone had to draw up insulin from vials…
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means, the body attacks its own cells. This may be caused by environmental factors, such as viruses, however, this is not certain.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is caused by several different factors including both genetic and lifestyle factors.
Individuals who are inactive and are overweight or obese are at higher risk of developing diabetes. Being overweight or obese leads to insulin resistance which is when the muscle liver and fat cells do not use insulin well. Although your pancreas is producing adequate amounts of insulin initially, your body does not use it appropriately. Therefore, your blood sugar levels become more and more elevated leading to the diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes.
Genetics plays a factor. If you have a family history of diabetes, you are at higher risk. Unfortunately, the longer we have diabetes, the higher the chances of developing complications of diabetes are. That means that trying to prevent diabetes or delaying the onset of diabetes is critical.
Possible complications of diabetes include heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye problems, dental disease, nerve damage, feet problems, and more.
Although some people can have no signs of diabetes, many people have several signs and symptoms before they are diagnosed.
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and urination (polyuria and polydipsia), increased hunger, fatigue, blurred vision, numbness or tingling in the feet or hands, sores that do not heal, and unexplained weight loss.
00:42 What is diabetes?
01:15 What is insulin?
01:50 What is type 1 Diabetes?
03:00 What is Type 2 Diabetes?
03:57 Insulin Resistance
06:17 Complications of Diabetes
08:00 Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
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Disclaimer: The information on this channel (The Voice of Diabetes) is provided as an information resource ONLY. It is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is not intended to be patient education, does not create any patient-physician (APRN) relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Please consult your health care provider before making any healthcare decisions or for guidance about a specific medical condition. Diana Bytyqi, DNP, FNP-C, shall have no liability for any damages, loss, injury, or liability whatsoever suffered as a result of your reliance on the information contained on this site.